What is Learning Disability
Learning Disability refers to a group of disorders that affects the human brain’s ability to receive and process information. A person who suffers from learning disability will face intricacy in carrying out activities related to learning, reading, writing and speaking. To understand what is learning disability for a person, one has to closely observe the individual behavior.
Causes of Learning Disabilities in Children:
It is believed that Learning Disability results due to some kind of damage/dysfunction to the central nervous system of the human body. The central nervous system is responsible for transmitting different kinds of sensory information from the different parts of our body to the brain and vica-versa. Based on the specific inputs, the central nervous system also coordinates the different muscle movements.
The Definition of Learning Disability can be given as, “a condition wherein the affected person finds it difficult to acquire a normal level of knowledge and other related proficiencies, which is expected of any person of his/her age“.
Specific Learning Disability
A Specific Learning Disability is a disorder in one or more processes of the central nervous system. These processes basically relate to the different functions needed to speak, write and understand things.
The Specific Learning Disability can also be thought of as the disability which hampers the functions related to listening, thinking, speaking, reading, writing, spelling, or doing mathematical calculations; and the effective coordination of the muscles and the brain, which is required to perform these functions. Therefore, Specific Learning Disability can lead to a plethora of problems related to reading, understanding, memorizing, processing and communicating of any information.
Learning Disabilities can include a large number of troubles related to learning and writing. In fact all such people who face Learning Disabilities would have a totally different perception of the things around them. If such people are told to do something, then they will hear and understand the task in an altogether different manner than a normal person. This would result in their doing the specified task in a totally different way. Learning Disabilities are often referred to as Learning Difficulties too.
Some of the most common types of Learning Disabilities/Learning Difficulties could be related to listening, speaking, reading and writing. Some other Learning Disabilities could also be related to doing simple calculations, reasoning etc.
Learning Disorders are the reading/writing/speaking problems that are faced by young kids from a very early age. Parents usually think of these problems as part of the growing up process and seldom take any corrective measures. However, once the child joins a playschool/school, the teachers are the first ones to notice the Learning Disorders.
It is also true that most of the children correct their Learning Disorders as they grow up; but at the same time it is also a fact that some of the children suffer from acute Learning Disorders and hence develop it as a major issue.
Learning Disabilities in Children
Learning Disabilities in Children hamper the affected child’s natural ability to comprehend and understand things. Learning Disabilities in Children also severely affect the memorizing and retrieving processes of the brain.
Learning Disabilities in Children also kind of overshadow any level of intelligence that a child might otherwise have.
Helping a Child with Learning Disability
A child once affected by such Learning Disabilities cannot be fully treated, but special education techniques do prove to ease the problem to a great extent. A specialist is the only one who is capable of fully understands the Learning Disabilities being faced by a child. The specialist undertakes a thorough evaluation of the Learning Disabilities in Children and based on the results of such an evaluation, offers complete guidance and different solutions to control the situation.
List of Learning Disabilities
The list of Learning Disabilities mainly includes Dyslexia (relating to reading difficulty); Dysgraphia (relating to writing difficulty); Dyscalcula (relating to calculating difficulty); and Dyspraxia (relating to muscle coordination difficulty).