Common Types of Dyslexia, A Learning Disability
Types of Learning Disabilities: There are different types of learning disabilities and all of them have different manifestation from person to person. These types of learning difficulties can be grouped in the following manner:
Someone could have difficulty in reading (Dyslexia), some with writing (Dysgraphia); others may find calculations difficult (Dyscalculia); someone’s motor skills might be problematic (dyspraxia); language might pose difficulties to some individuals (Aphasia/Dysphasia); and a few may face all such difficulties.
There are many types of Dyslexia. People with different forms of Dyslexia have difficulty in understanding the relationship between sounds, letters and words. There are various types of Dyslexia which can affect people. All of the forms of Dyslexia can be distinguished by the character of the predicament. Following are the most common Dyslexia types:
As the name sounds, this is Dyslexia with numbers. Number Dyslexia or numerical Dyslexia is also known as Dyscalculia. People who are affected with number Dyslexia find it difficult to perform calculation no matter how easy they may be. This Dyslexia with numbers also results in confusion in the affected person regarding the different math symbols and hence is also sometimes termed as math Dyslexia. People who suffer from number Dyslexia or numerical Dyslexia may also find doing calculations using a calculator and telling time from non-digital clocks as quite difficult.
This kind of Dyslexia results due to some injury to the particular portion of the human that controls the reading and writing activities.
In some cases where the eyes and the sensory system of seeing and passing information to the brain do not get developed properly, it results in this condition of Visual Dyslexia.
The difficulty relating to language and communication is termed as Verbal Dyslexia. The affected person finds it difficult to speak properly and hence they are not able to make themselves understand to the listener/other person.
Language Processing Disorder:
This is a disorder which is caused due to some deformity/defect in the specific portion of the human brain that is responsible for carrying out processing of the things that are being heard and providing a response to the same. People affected with Language Processing Disorder are not able to properly read, write, speak and spell.
It is generally believed that Language Processing Disorder is a neurological (something related to the functioning of the brain) problem. It is for this reason that a diagnosis of the Language Processing Disorder is jointly diagnosed by a team of audiologist, speech pathologist and neuro-phsychologist. However, the treatment methodology would be specific to the symptoms and vary from person to person.
Is Dyslexia Genetic?
Is Dyslexia Genetic or not, is the most important issue that continued to bother the researchers in this field. Most of the studies that have been conducted on this issue have in fact been able to identify the gene that is responsible for causing Dyslexia. Therefore, the question that ‘is Dyslexia genetic or not’, can be answered in the affirmative. It has been found that in all chances the children/people who encounter Dyslexia have some other member in their families who also suffer from this condition.
People affected with reading disabilities find reading a complex task to perform. Such people fail to quickly recognize a word, have a weak vocabulary and do incorrect reading. Reading disabilities also severely affect a person’s concentration skills and lead to an increase in anxiety and impulsive behavior.
Reading disabilities can result in difficulties in oral skills; word recognition and fluency skills; and comprehension skills.